Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy as a form of government in a nation. A monarchist is an individual who supports this form of government out of principle only.
There are several types of monarchy - absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, elective monarchy and others.
Nowadays, the preferred type of monarchy in the democratic countries is the Constitutional monarchy. Constitutional monarchy is a form of democratic government in which a non-political monarch acts as head of state within the boundaries of a constitution, whether written or unwritten. While the monarch may hold formal reserve powers and while government officially takes place in the monarch's name, they do not set public policy or choose political leaders. Political scientist Vernon Bogdanor, paraphrasing Thomas Macaulay, has defined a constitutional monarch as "a sovereign who reigns but does not rule." This form of government differs from absolute monarchy, in which the monarch controls political decision-making and is not effectively bound by a constitutional order. Constitutional monarchies are sometimes referred to as limited monarchies, crowned republics or parliamentary monarchies.
Monarchism goes together with traditionalism. As the name suggests, traditionalists believe that traditions and customs guide man and his world-view. Each generation inherits the experience and culture of its ancestors and through convention and precedence man is able to inherit the culture of his ancestors and pass it down to his descendants. To paraphrase Edmund Burke, often regarded as the father of modern conservatism: "The individual is foolish, but the species is wise." Traditionalist conservatives believe that human society is essentially hierarchical (i.e., it always involves various interdependent inequalities, degrees, and classes and that political structures that recognize this fact prove the most just, thriving, and generally beneficial). Hierarchy allows for the preservation of the whole community simultaneously, instead of protecting one part at the expense of the others.
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